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Daily Activities for Ramadan

Ramadan 7




 Common Medical Problems During Fasting and Remedies




Today's Quote:


Allah's Messenger (salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

 “For every malady (sickness) Allah created, He also created a cure.”

(Saheeh Bukhari)




To learn about medical problems we might experience during fasting

and learn some ways to cure them, insha Allah.




(excerpted from: “Diet during Ramadan,” Mohammad Zafar A. Nomani, PhD, RD, Professor of Nutrition, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV. )

Fasting during the Islamic month of Ramadan can be good for one's health and personal development. Ramadan fasting is not just about disciplining the body to restrain from eating food and drinking water from predawn until sunset. The eyes, the ears, the tongue, and even the private parts are equally obligated to be restrained if a Muslim wants to gain the total rewards of fasting. Ramadan is also about restraining anger, doing good deeds, exercising personal discipline, and preparing oneself to serve as a good Muslim and a good person during and after Ramadan.


There are many physical benefits of fasting as we can see. However sometimes we can experience discomfort while fasting.  Learn about some common medical problems and their remedies, insha Allah.


Activity 1:

Read and discuss some common medical problems

(excerpted from: “Diet during Ramadan,” Mohammad Zafar A. Nomani, PhD, RD, Professor of Nutrition, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.




Constipation can cause piles (hemorrhoids), fissures (painful cracks in anal canal) and indigestion with a bloated feeling.

Causes: Too much refined foods, too little water and not enough fibre in the diet.

Remedy: Avoid excessive refined foods, increase water intake, use bran in baking, brown flour when making roti.


Causes: Over-eating. Too much fried and fatty foods, spicy foods, and foods that produce wind e.g. eggs, cabbage, lentils, carbonated drinks like Cola also produce gas.

Remedy: Do not over-eat, drink fruit juices or better still drink water. Avoid fried foods, add ajmor to wind-producing foods.

LETHARGY ('low blood pressure')

Excessive sweating, weakness, tiredness, lack of energy, dizziness, especially on getting up from sitting position, pale appearance and feeling faint are symptoms associated with "low blood pressure". This tends to occur towards the afternoon.

Causes: Too little fluid intake, decreased salt intake.

Remedy: Keep cool, increase fluid and salt intake.

Caution: Low blood pressure should be confirmed by taking a blood pressure reading when symptoms are present. Persons with high blood pressure may need their medication adjusted during Ramadhan. They should consult their doctor.


Causes: Caffeine and tobacco-withdrawal, doing too much in one day, lack of sleep, hunger usually occur as the day goes by and worsens at the end of the day. When associated with "low blood pressure", the headache can be quite severe and can also cause nausea before Iftar.

Remedy: Cut down caffeine and tobacco slowly starting a week or two before Ramadhan. Herbal and caffeine-free teas may be substituted. Reorganise your schedule during the Ramadan so as to have adequate sleep.


Weakness, dizziness, tiredness, poor concentration, perspiring easily, feeling shaky (tremor), unable to perform physical activities, headache, palpitations are symptoms of low blood sugar.

Causes in non-diabetics: Having too much sugar i.e. refined carbohydrates especially at suhur (sehri). The body produces too much insulin causing the blood glucose to drop.

Remedy: Eat something at sehri and limit sugar-containing foods and drinks.

Caution: Diabetics may need to adjust their medication in Ramadan, consult your doctor.


Causes: Inadequate intake of calcium, magnesium and potassium foods.

Remedy: Eat foods rich in the above minerals e.g. vegetables, fruit, dairy products, meat and dates.

Caution: Those on high blood pressure medication and with kidney stone problems should consult their doctor.


Increased acid levels in the empty stomach in Ramadhan aggravate the above conditions. It presents as a burning feeling in the stomach area under the ribs and can extend up to the throat. Spicy foods, coffee, and Cola drinks worsen these conditions.

Medications are available to control acid levels in the stomach. People with proven peptic ulcers and hiatus hernia should consult their doctor well before Ramadhan.


Kidney stones may occur in people who have less liquids to drink. Therefore, it is essential to drink extra liquids so as to prevent stone formation.


Causes: During Ramadhan, when extra Salâh are performed the pressure on the knee joints increases. In the elderly and those with arthritis this may result in pain, stiffness, swelling and discomfort.

Remedy: Lose weight so that the knees do not have to carry any extra load. Exercise the lower limbs before Ramadhan so that they can be prepared for the additional strain. Being physically fit allows greater fulfillment, thus enabling one to be able to perform Salâh with ease.


Activity 2:


Have you had any of the above problems?  Refer to your Daily Journal pages. List any problems that you have had so far, if any, in today’s journal page, Review/discuss possible remedies.

Daily Journal Ramadan 7


Activity 3:


Make a poster or mini health manual that discusses the causes and remedies of the above health problems.  You can use TJ Ramadan Medical Border paper.



Activity 4:


Play hospital.  Take turns pretending to be a patient and the doctor. Use information from what you learned in activity 1 above to tell the doctor what is wrong as well as for the doctor to give a remedy. You can use Play Prescription Forms:



Look up/learn the Arabic words for hospital, doctor, patient and some of the ailments to use when playing.


Activity 5:

Assorted Activities for older kids. Complete the activities (A-C) below



Vocabulary (for older kids):

ailment, remedy, diagnosis, prescription


A. Can you guess the ailment?

Refer to Activity 1 if you need help.

  1. You may get me if you eat too much.  You also may get me if you drink soda or eat spicy foods. What am I?


  1. If you don’t drink a lot of water or don’t eat a lot of foods with fiber, you might get me. What am I?


  1. If you do not get enough calcium or potassium, you might get me. What am I?


  1. An increase in acid in your empty stomach during the day can cause us. What are we?


  1. Cutting down on caffeine is one of my cures, insha Allah.  What am I?



B. Pick 5 ailments from the reading

Write cause/effect statements in this form:


If you ______________, you might get __________.

If you don’t _________, you might get ___________.


C. You be the doctor.


Listen to the patient.

Try to diagnose what he has and tell him a possible remedy.

There may be more than one possible ailment for your patient’s symptoms.



Doctor, I am feeling very weak and tired. I can’t concentrate. I sweat all the time.  What is wrong with me?


Your diagnosis:

 Possible Remedy:




Doctor, it hurts when I sit down and my stomach feels bloated. What do I have?


Your diagnosis:


Possible Remedy:




I have a burning feeling in my stomach.


Your diagnosis:


Possible Remedy:



Activity 6:

Copy today's quote neatly.


Across the Curriculum



    1.    If you take 5ml of cold medicine for a cold before fajr and 5ml after maghrib,  how

          much medicine have you take altogether? 


    2.    Your little sister, who is not fasting, must take a dose of an antibiotic every six hours.

           How many times must she take it in 1 day (24 hours)? 


    3.     A container of heartburn tablets contains 24 pieces. 


            If the container is half empty, how many tablets are left in the container?

            If the container is 1/4 full?

            If the container is 3/4 full?


    4.     If you eat suhoor at 4:45 am and your meal takes 6 hours to digest, at what time

            will your suhoor be digested?



Ramadan Round Up:




This page last updated:

Sunday, January 21, 2007






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