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Ramadan Resources



    Ramadan Journals

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Special Download:

A Mother's Ramadan Organizer


You are here: India <---- Ramadan Around the World <---- TJ Ramadan Home





Flag of India

Flag Description:

three equal horizontal bands of saffron (subdued orange) (top),

white, and green with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band;

similar to the flag of Niger, which has a small orange disk centered in the white band



Map of India



Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan



Brief History/Background:


The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, dates back at least 5,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in the 12th were followed by those of European traders, beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Indian armed forces in the British army played a vital role in both World Wars. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU brought independence in 1947. The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. (Source: CIA World Fact Book 2005)


Some Facts about India




Muslim Population:

200-250 million1



New Delhi


Total Land Area:

2,973,190 sq km



slightly more than one-third the size

of the US




1Source:Muslim India Magazine


All other data:

Source: CIA World Fact Book 2005


Ramadan In India


An estimated more than 250 Million Muslims live in India alone and are the second largest population of Muslims in the world after Indonesia.

People in India start preparing for Ramadan in the last days of Sha’ban. This preparation includes new clothes for Eid and cleaning the house so that people would be free to worship and pray without distractions during Ramadan.

    Sighting of the crescent of Ramadan is a celebration in itself and people begin to phone their relatives and friends, congratulating one another for the blessed month.

    Then they go for ‘Taraweeh’ Prayer. A lot of Indian Muslims observe ‘Itikaaf’ (staying in the mosque) during the last 10 days of Ramadan. Many little children fast, too. Some of them fast on the weekends.

    Muslims get up at least an hour before Fajr for ‘Suhoor’. Many have their regular breakfasts while other have a special drink prepared with nuts and grains and jaggery called ‘Harir’. They fast from dawn to dusk and break their fasts (Iftar) with dates, water and then a whole lot of goodies like ‘Pakodas’ (fritters), fresh fruits, and other preparations like a popular one of split grams. Lots of people have Iftar parties where they invite their relatives, friends and neighbors to break the fasts together.

Many people make the most of the Ramadan and the extra thawaab by paying their Zakaat (obligatory annual charity of 2.5% of savings) during Ramadan.

 At the end of Ramadan, people begin to prepare themselves for the `Eid El-Fitr. Early in the morning of `Eid, men take shower and wear new clothes, usually their ethnic clothes of Kurta-Pyjama or Shalwar-Qameez, then they go for `Eid Prayer after they eat some sweets. At home, women prepare special sweets for the feast, the most common of which is the ‘Siwaeen’ (the Indian Vermicelli), prepared with milk and sugar in varying quantities and rich with nuts. Then they present it to their husbands after returning from the mosque. All people wear colorful and elegant dresses and receive visitors. Lots of people spend the whole day visiting and greeting people for Eid –el-Fitr.


 submitted to TJ-Ramadan

for Ramadan Around the World


(JazakAllahu kheyr to its contributor)



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Duaa said after a gathering


‘How perfect You are O Allah, and I praise You.

I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You.

I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You in repentance.’


©2006-2007 Talibiddeen Jr.

Unless otherwise noted, all materials available for download were created by Talibiddeen Jr.



***©2006-2007 Taliiddeen Jr.

Unless otherwise noted, all materials available for download were created by Talibiddeen Jr.


iddeen Jr.Unless otherwise noted, all materials aailable for download ere created by Talibiddeen Jr.